Sarah Helen Whitman
I had been researching someone named Brightman and that was one too many -mans for my brain.
And then my fffffffff key is sticking, not sticking but often not showing up at all.
I am having to dip back in and refamiliarize myself with Erickson’s psychosocial development phases for some of the things I am working on and I forgot how interesting, and how simple they basically are:
Hope: Trust vs. Mistrust
(Infants, 0 to 1 year)
Psychosocial Crisis: Trust vs. Mistrust
Will: Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt
(Toddlers, 2 to 3 years)
Psychosocial Crisis: Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt
Main Question: “Can I do things myself or must I always rely on others?”
Purpose: Initiative vs. Guilt
(Preschool, 4 to 6 years)
Psychosocial Crisis: Initiative vs. Guilt
Main Question: “Am I good or am I bad?”
Related Elements in Society: ideal prototypes/roles
Competence: Industry vs. Inferiority
(Childhood, 7 to 12 years)
Psychosocial Crisis: Industry vs. Inferiority
Main Question: “Am I successful or worthless?”
Related Elements in Society: division of labour
Fidelity: Identity vs. Role Confusion
(Adolescents, 13 to 19 years)
Psychosocial Crisis: Identity vs. Role Confusion
Main Question: “Who am I and where am I going?”
Ego quality: Fidelity
Related Elements in Society: ideology
Love: Intimacy vs. Isolation
(Young Adults, 20 to 34 years)
Main Question: “Am I loved and wanted?” or “Shall I share my life with someone or live alone?”
Related Elements in Society: patterns of cooperation (often marriage)
Care: Generativity vs. Stagnation (Middle Adulthood, 35 to 65 years)
Psychosocial Crisis: Generativity vs. Stagnation
Main Question: “Will I produce something of real value?”
Related Elements in Society: parenting, educating, or other productive social involvement
Wisdom: Ego Integrity vs. Despair
(Seniors, 65 years onwards)
Psychosocial Crisis: Ego Integrity vs. Despair
Main Question: “Have I lived a full life?”
Now – the actually age ranges listed are guidelines only. They suggest when, in a person’s life, this devlopement should occur for a person to develop in a balanced manner and they are linear in progress.
If the progress gets disruptive, you can still keep going on but then you have unresolved development issues.
Tied to the concept of the age ranges is the physical development and then deterioration of the body.
Its all nice and good, but reality is this is a very unlinear process but the stages that are recognized are very accurate. I think I know more 28 year olds who touch on the wisdom question now then ever before, only it is phrased as “Am I making choices that will lead to a full life?” and more 40 year olds who are asking themselves the question about Intimacy and Isolation.
Its odd to read the list and pick out where the majority of your questions lie at this point in your life, then wander around and see what your unfinished bits are or the advanced bits.
c.2010 Cassandra Tribe. All Rights Reserved.